As a wind-rich coastal province, the province of South Holland is committed to sustainable wind energy. The government has also indicated that it wants to have wind turbines on land in the South-Western Delta. To make wind energy a success, it is important to carefully weigh potential locations. After all, wind turbines have a major impact on the landscape. They are not in place everywhere. The design, the arrangement of the turbines, is very important and can make the difference between acceptable or unacceptable. In certain cases, wind turbines can strengthen the landscape and contribute to identity and readability.
The question that was initially included in this study is: how much MW of wind energy can be situated in the peripheral zone of the island, considering among other things the landscape and cultural-historical characteristics and qualities and the placement requirements for wind turbines? In this study we look at whether the 200-300 MW target is feasible on the basis of the placement criteria given in the Wervelender Policy Document. We use the average target of 250 MW as the starting point. We then investigate which different spatial options are conceivable for the realization of that objective and what impact they have on the landscape and cultural history.
The complete report can be downloaded here:Windenergie Goeree Overflakkee
The Wervelender Policy Document (2011) states where wind energy is desired, or is required under certain conditions, or is undesirable. A concentration area is indicated on Goeree-Overflakkee. This concerns: zones linked to large-scale infrastructure (dams, dikes) and large-scale dividing lines between land and water in the southern part of the province. According to the Wervelender Policy Document, this placement area is also ideally suited as a concentration area for wind energy (wind farm), namely the peripheral zone of Goeree-Overflakkee.
This area is considered as a preferred location, with special attention to spatial quality, including sufficient views. Safeguard areas are Natura 2000 areas, the EHS and protected natural monuments, due to ecological values. The head of Goeree-Overflakkee, with the coastal dune area valuable for nature and recreation, and the Delta waters around the island are thus protected from wind turbines.